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X bullocks and Y tractors take $8$ days to plough a field. If we have the number of bullocks and double the number of tractors, it takes $5$ days to plough the same field. How many days will it take X bullocks alone to plough the field?

  1. $30$
  2. $35$
  3. $40$
  4. $45$
asked in General Aptitude by (21.5k points) 4 29 56
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Let efficiency of a bullock and a tractor be B unit/day and T unit/day respectively.

Work done by X bullocks and Y tractors in 8 days to plough a field : 

Work done by X bullocks = X * B unit/day * 8 days
Work done by Y tractors = Y * T unit/day * 8 days
Total work done = (X * B * 8 + Y * T * 8) units 

Work done by X / 2 bullocks and 2 * Y tractors in 5 days to plough a field :
Work done by X bullocks = (X / 2) * B unit/day * 5 days
Work done by Y tractors = 2 * Y * T unit/day * 5 days
Total work done = (X * B * 2.5 + Y * T * 10) units

Both bullocks and tractors are used to plouge same field.
Therefore,
(X * B * 8 + Y * T * 8) units = (X * B * 2.5 + Y * T * 10) units

On solving, Y * T = 2.75 * X * B  

Let X bullocks take m days to plough a field
Total work done = Work done by X bullocks 
                = X * B unit/day * m days
                = (X * B * m) units

Here X bullocks plough the same field
Therefore,
(X * B * m) units = (X * B * 8 + Y * T * 8) units
X * B * m = X * B * 8 + (2.75 * X * B ) * 8

On solving, m = 30

Note: In question, Number of bullocks are halved in second statement.

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